Peoples and Nations

Ancient Egypt Timeline: From the Pre-Dynastic to the Late Periods

Ancient Egypt Timeline: From the Pre-Dynastic to the Late Periods

Below is an Ancient Egypt Timeline outlining the major dividing points in the history of Egyptian civilization, including the early, middle, and new kingdoms.

In addition to the Ancient Egypt Timeline, this site features exhaustive information on the civilization, including descriptions of its social classes, pyramids, and many other facts.

Period

Date

Dynasty

Important People

Important Events

Late Predynastic3100 BC - 2950 BC0MenesNorth and south Egypt united
Hieroglyphic writing developed
Early Dynastic2950 BC - 2575 BC1Menes
Imhotep
Dzoser
Memphis capital of Egypt
First writing on papyrus
First pyramid built - step pyramid at Sakkara (Saqqara)
2
3
Old Kingdom2575 BC - 2150 BC4Sneferu
Khufu (Cheops)
Sahure
Pepi I
Pepi II
Great pyramids and sphinx at Giza built
Sun God Ra worshipped at Heliopolis Mummification first used
Trade for cedar wood
Noblemen became more important
Pharaohs had less power
Fall of government at Memphis
5
6
7
8
First Intermediate Period2150 BC - 1975 BC9AchthoesBook of the Dead created
Rebellions against the Pharaoh
Drought and famine caused by low rainfall
10
Middle Kingdom1975BC - 1640 BC11Mentuhotep
Amenemhet
North and south Egypt reunited capital Thebes
Lower Nubia conquered
12
13
14
Second Intermediate Period1640 BC - 1520 BC15KhyanHyksos tribe took over north Egypt
Horse drawn chariot introduced
16
17
New Kingdom1520 BC - 1075 BC18Ahmose I
Hatshepsut
Akhenaten
Nefertiti
Tutankhamen
Rameses I
Rameses II
Rameses III
Hyksos people expelled from Egypt
Hatshepsut first female Pharaoh
Temple at Karnak built
Valley of the kings used as burial site
Capital moved to Memphis
19
20
Third Intermediate Period1075 BC - 715 BC21Shoshenk IEgypt divided again northern capital Tanis, southern capital Thebes
Shoshenk reunited Egypt
Egypt lost control of Israel and Lebanon
22
23
24
Late Period715 BC - 332 BC 25Nephrites IEgypt invaded by Libyans and Assyrians
Persians conquered Egypt
Alexander the Great conquered Egypt for Greece 332BC
26
27
28
29
30

In addition to the Ancient Egyptian timeline, this site also features an exhaustive bibliography, in case you need more information on the topic.

This article is part of our larger selection of posts about Egypt in the ancient world. To learn more, click here for our comprehensive guide to Ancient Egypt.