Supreme Court Justice
Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court Warren Burger was born in St. Paul, Minnesota on September 17, 1907 , the son of immigrant parents. He studied at the University of Minnesota and the St. Paul College of Law (later the Mitchell College of Law). After spending 20 years in private practice as a lawyer, he was appointed Assistant Attorney General in charge of the civil division of the Justice Department.
Burger first came into the public eye when he supported the federal prosecution of John Peters for disloyalty, despite the US solicitor general's refusal to prosecute. In 1953, he became Assistant Attorney General for the United States, and was appointed a federal judge of the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1955.
President Nixon appointed Burger, an active Republican, Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court in 1969. Although Burger's court was more conservative than the previous Warren Court, it was judicially active. Two of the most famous and controversial decisions of the Burger Court were the Roe v. Wade abortion decision and the University of California v. Bakke affirmative action decision. In 1986, Burger resigned from his post and became head of the US Bicentennial Commission.
Warren E. Burger
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Warren E. Burger, in full Warren Earl Burger, (born Sept. 17, 1907, St. Paul, Minn., U.S.—died June 25, 1995, Washington, D.C.), 15th chief justice of the United States (1969–86).
After graduating with honours from St. Paul (now William Mitchell) College of Law in 1931, Burger joined a prominent St. Paul law firm and gradually became active in Republican Party politics. In 1953 he was appointed an assistant U.S. attorney general, and in 1955 he was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Burger’s generally conservative approach during his 13-year service (1956–69) on the nation’s second highest court commended him to President Richard M. Nixon, who in 1969 named Burger to succeed Earl Warren as chief justice of the Supreme Court. He was quickly confirmed and in June 1969 was sworn in as the nation’s chief justice.
Contrary to some popular expectations, Burger and his three fellow Nixon-appointed justices did not try to reverse the tide of activist decision making on civil-rights issues and criminal law that was the Warren court’s chief legacy. The court upheld the 1966 Miranda decision, which required that a criminal suspect under arrest be informed of his rights, and the court also upheld busing as a permissible means of racially desegregating public schools and the use of racial quotas in the distribution of federal grants and contracts to minorities. Under Burger’s leadership the court did dilute several minor Warren-era decisions protecting the rights of criminal defendants, but the core of the Warren court’s legal precedents in this and other fields survived almost untouched. Burger voted with the majority in the court’s landmark 1973 decision ( Roe v. Wade) that established women’s constitutional right to have abortions.
Burger himself took a pragmatic and accommodating stance toward controversial legal issues, and his opinions were not particularly noted either for their intellectual consistency or for their comprehensive and systematic application of legal principles. He instead became deeply involved in the administrative functions of his office, and he worked to improve the efficiency of the entire judicial system.
Burger retired from the Supreme Court in 1986 to devote himself full-time to the chairmanship of the commission planning the bicentennial celebration of the U.S. constitution (1987). He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1988.
This article was most recently revised and updated by Michael Levy, Executive Editor.
Warren Burger - History
In our Liberty Update this week, we highlight the latest illegal leak of thousands of supposedly confidential Internal Revenue Service (IRS) taxpayer returns spanning over 15 years, confirming that the partisan and power-hungry IRS simply cannot be trusted to safeguard our sensitive records, let alone to begin collecting sensitive private information from nonprofit organizations on donors who contribute to them in violation of the First Amendment.
Getting to the substance of the ProPublica/IRS leaked documents themselves, former Senator Phil Gramm and U.S. Policy Metrics partner Mike Solon explain in The Wall Street Journal how there's nothing scandalous in the least in what they reveal:
ProPublica’s 'blockbuster' story showing that the wealthy 'pay income taxes that are only&hellip[more]
|Warren Burger Meme Bungles 2nd Amendment|
|By Timothy H. Lee |
Thursday, September 26 2019