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The Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division in the Battle of the Bulge, Michael Collins and Martin King

The Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division in the Battle of the Bulge, Michael Collins and Martin King

The Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division in the Battle of the Bulge, Michael Collins and Martin King

The Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division in the Battle of the Bulge, Michael Collins and Martin King

The defence of Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge is best known for the role played by the 101st Airborne, but they were actually the second US unit to reach the city. The first to arrive was part of the 10th Armored Division, and it was that unit that held the city against the initial German attacks. It also provided the defenders with crucial armoured support, and held large parts of the defensive line throughout the battle.

This book tells the story of the 10th Armored at Bastogne, taking us from the frantic efforts to rush the scattered unit into the front, through the early contacts with the advancing Germans and on to the siege itself, the relief effort and the hard fighting in the days that followed.

The book has a nice format, split about half-and-half between eyewitness accounts of the fighting and a linking narrative. Both give a good idea of the early chaos as the men of the division was gathered up from all around and rushed to the front. Another nice idea is the inclusion of medal citations, again placed in their correct place in the narrative.

I must admit I'd always thought that the siege went on for rather longer than it did, with eight days passed between the moment when the Germans isolated the city and the arrival of the first US relief forces. The battle itself was longer, with several days of fighting before Bastogne was cut off and another period of hard fighting after the first narrow corridor was opened from the south. By the standard of other city sieges of the Second World War this was quite a short battle, but only because the attackers were forced to abandon the siege (elsewhere beleaguered garrisons, both German and Russian) held on for long periods before being overwhelmed). I also hadn't realised that the defenders held quite a sizable pocket outside Bastogne - my mental image was of urban warfare, but a lot of the hard fighting took part in the countryside outside the city (the pocket was still small enough to mean that all of it was within the range of German artillery).

The text is full of nice little touches that broadened my picture of the battle. The surprise nature of the attack is best indicated by the Christmas decorations in the streets of Bastogne - the citizens believed that they had been liberated and the war had permanently passed to their east. The notorious fog that aided the German attack and kept Allied airpower out of the way for several days also had a negative impact on the attackers, and sometimes prevented the Germans from realising how many troops they were attacking. It is a tribute to the defenders of Bastogne that after the Germans cut off the city they made very little more progress - the day-by-day maps showing the perimeter line show a few minor incursions, but no sizable German advances.

This is a superb detailed account of a less familiar aspect of a famous battle, often providing platoon by platoon and day-by-day details of the role played by the men of the US 10th Armored Division in the defensive of Bastogne, and thus in the wider Allied victory in the Battle of the Bulge.

1 - Friday 15 December
2 - Saturday 16 December
3 - Sunday 17 December
4 - Monday 18 December
5 - Tuesday 19 December
6 - Wednesday 20 December
7 - Thursday 21 December
8 - Friday 22 December
9 - Saturday 23 December
10 - Sunday 24 December
11 - Monday 25 December
12 - Tuesday 26 December
13 - Wednesday 27 December
14 - Thursday 28 December
15 - The Final Chapter

Author: Michael Collins and Martin King
Edition: Hardcover
Pages: 336
Publisher: Casemate
Year: 2013

Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division in the Battle of the Bulge by Michael Collins

Author:Michael Collins [Collins, Michael]
Language: eng
Format: epub
Tags: HISTORY / Military / World War II
ISBN: 9781612001821
Published: 2013-06-07T21:00:00+00:00


We were told to patrol on a road that was south of Bastogne and Marvie. O’Hara wanted us to take that road and see how far they [the Germans] had come. We went down that road and one of the first things we ran into was a gas truck coming alone, actually he was behind us, he had a trailer as I stopped and was looking at him, and I hailed him to stop. In the process he had another truck that was following him and I don’t know if the brakes failed or whatever but they ran into the back end of the deuce-and-a-half that was in front. We had to get them straightened around and I said to them that they could not go down the road. They told me that they were on their way delivering gasoline to the 28th [Division]. I told them they’re falling back. We left them and about fifteen minutes or so, further down the road we ran into Gen. Norman Cota. Because of what we had heard and everything, my machine gunner radio operator, he was nervous and jerky, he said this guy is one of those damn people going through lines in American uniforms. I told him to cool it, just cool it, “Let’s find out.” Here he is, the general of a division. He was spent the man was tired obviously and distraught. He said to me, have you seen any of my men? I said, what men are you talking about, sir. He replied, the 28th Division, I am the commander of the 28th Division. At the time I didn’t know him from a barrel of hay, he had one man with him, his driver. The machine gunner, Garrity, he’s got his arm draped on the 30 cal. pointing right at the General. We’re asking him for some identification, and he’s fussy about it, he said I am who I am. He whipped out something that was an identification thing. I told him, “Okay sir, but we have to be careful. We’ve had a lot of your men come through here.” He said, “That’s what I want I want to know what you can tell me about my men” I told him that I had been down to Wiltz on the 19th. He had left there sometime in the morning of the 19th, and he went to a town called Sibret. He had established it as his headquarters. He asked me to send any of his men who I run into over to Sibret. He asked about Colonel Roberts and the 101st Airborne people. I told him that I didn’t know about the 101st Airborne people but I know that Roberts maintained his own headquarters and they had theirs. Cota told me that he wanted to talk with Roberts, that he wanted any of his 28th men to be sent down to Sibret. I told him how to get to Bastogne and that there were MP’s there who could direct him to Colonel Roberts.

The Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division During the Battle of the Bulge

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After the successful invasion of Normandy and the subsequent eastward push through France, the Allied front lines extended from Nijmegen in the north down to neutral Switzerland in the south. The valuable port city of Antwerp had been captured during the push, and by the time winter arrived, the Allies even had control of German territory near the city of Aachen. Adolf Hitler soon laid out a plan to attack the Allied lines in Belgium and Luxembourg 25 divisions would launch a surprise attack through the Ardennes, with the aim of crossing the Meuse River (called Maas in German and Dutch) and recapturing Antwerp. Despite major misgivings from his senior commanders, including Gerd von Rundstedt and Walther Model, the plan was not modified and the jump-off date was eventually set as 16 December 1944. Meanwhile, the Allied commanders considered the Ardennes area to be unsuitable for a large-scale German attack, mainly because of terrain issues. In addition, intelligence reports suggested that the only German divisions stationed in the area were weary, and in the weeks leading up to the assault, no Allied commander saw reason to believe that an attack was imminent. Bastogne, a hub city that commanded several important roads in the area, was defended mainly by the 28th Infantry Division, which had seen continuous fighting from 22 July to 19 November, before being assigned to this relatively quiet area. The Allies believed only an infantry division was present opposite the 28th Infantry, and they believed any attack along this sector would be limited in scale. The seven roads in and out of Bastogne were critical to the movement of German armor, making Allied retention of the roads imperative.

Hasso von Manteuffel—commanding the 5th Panzer Army—gave Heinrich Freiherr von Lüttwitz′s XLVII Panzer Corps the responsibility of capturing Bastogne, before crossing the Meuse near Namur. Lüttwitz planned to attack a 7 mi (11 km) front with three divisions: the 26th Volksgrenadier and the 2nd Panzer would lead the assault, with the Panzer-Lehr-Division behind them. Opposing this significant force were two battalions of the 110th Infantry Regiment (the third was held back as a division reserve), responsible for a 9 mi (14 km) front along the Our River which forms the border between Germany and neighboring Luxembourg. The Allied forces were gathered into small groups at major Luxembourgish villages, with outposts along the river manned only during the daytime. The forces were too thin to maintain an even battle line, they focused their attention on the four roads that crossed the Our. Due to heavy rain preceding the German attack, only one of the roads was in good enough condition to be used as a crossing point—the northernmost road, which crossed the Our at Dasburg on its way to the Luxembourgish town of Clervaux (in German: Klerf, in Luxembourgish: Klierf) and Bastogne. The 2nd Panzer Division was assigned to cross the river along this road, while the 26th Volksgrenadier Division would construct a bridge near Gemünd for its crossing. Lüttwitz realized the importance of the road network of Bastogne—he knew that the town had to be captured before his corps could venture too far westward. Therefore, he ordered the Panzer-Lehr Division' to push forward to Bastogne as soon as his other troops had crossed the Clerf River in Northern Luxembourg.

The attack Edit

On the evening of 15 December, the 26th Volksgrenadier established an outpost line on the west bank of the Our, something they did routinely during the nighttime. At 03:00, engineers began ferrying men and equipment over the river where they began assembling at the departure point, quite close to the American garrisons. At 05:30, the German artillery began bombarding the American positions, knocking out telephone lines, as the infantry started to advance. The Germans attacked swiftly, their advances made possible by sheer weight of numbers. In the Luxembourgish village of Weiler, one American company, supported by some mortars and a platoon of anti-tank guns, lasted until nightfall against repeated attacks from multiple German battalions. German engineers completed bridges over the Our before dark, and armor began moving to the front, adding to the Germans' vast numerical superiority. But in the end, the Germans were significantly delayed by the American defenders—their plan to cross the Clerf River by nightfall on the first day was delayed by three days.

On 19 December, the 28th Division command post transferred to Bastogne from Wiltz, a large Luxembourgish town to the southeast. At Wiltz, the division put up its last stand 3rd Battalion of the 110th—supported by armor and artillery—arrived at the town around noon of that day. The 44th Engineer Battalion was set up north of the town, but they were soon overwhelmed and retreated into the town, blowing up a bridge behind them. This small force—numbering no more than 500 in total—held out until the evening, when their position became completely untenable and they retreated to the west. With the 110th Infantry completely destroyed as an effective combat unit, it would be up to the rest of the Allied army to defend Bastogne.

Commitment of reserves Edit

Despite several notable signs in the weeks preceding the attack, the Ardennes Offensive achieved virtually complete surprise. By the end of the second day of battle, it became apparent that the 28th Infantry was near collapse. To assist in the defense of Bastogne, Major General Troy H. Middleton, already commander of VIII Corps, was given Combat Command B of the 10th Armored Division. CCB consisted of the 3rd Tank Battalion, 20th Armored Infantry Battalion, C Company 21st Tank Battalion, B Company 54th Armored Infantry Battalion, C Company, 609th Tank Destroyer Battalion, 419th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, and three companies of support troops. General George S. Patton, commander of the U.S. Third Army was not happy about giving up the CCB unit right before he planned an offensive near Mainz but General Omar Bradley, commander of the 12th Army Group, ordered General Patton to release the unit. Meanwhile, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander, ordered forward the SHAEF reserve, composed of the 82nd Airborne Division, commanded by Major General James Gavin, and the 101st Airborne Division, temporarily under command of Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe, at Reims. These were veteran troops that had served with distinction since the parachute drops in Normandy and were resting and re-equipping after two months of combat in the Netherlands after Operation Market Garden. Both divisions were alerted on the evening of 17 December, and not having transport automatically assigned for their use, began arranging trucks for movement forward. The 82nd—longer in reserve and thus better re-equipped—moved out first. The 101st left Camp Mourmelon on the afternoon of 18 December, with the order of march of the division artillery, division trains, 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR), 506th PIR, 502nd PIR, and 327th Glider Infantry Regiment (GIR). Much of the convoy was conducted at night in drizzle and sleet, using headlights despite threat of air attack to speed the movement, and at one point the combined column stretched from Bouillon, Belgium, back to Reims, a distance of 120 kilometres (75 mi).

The 101st Airborne was originally supposed to go to Werbomont on the northern shoulder but was rerouted to Bastogne, located 107 miles (172 km) away on a 1,463 feet (446 m) high plateau, while the 82nd Airborne, because it was able to leave sooner, went to Werbomont to block the critical advance of the Kampfgruppe Peiper ("Combat Group Peiper"). The 705th Tank Destroyer Battalion—in reserve 60 miles (97 km) to the north—was ordered to Bastogne to provide anti-tank support to the armor-less 101st Airborne on 18 December and arrived late the next evening. The first elements of the 501st PIR entered the division assembly area 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Bastogne shortly after midnight of 19 December, and by 09:00 the entire division had arrived.

Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe sent the 501st PIR southeast through Bastogne at 06:00 to develop the situation. By 09:00, it had advanced and deployed on either side of the highway to Magéret and Longvilly, where the Panzer-Lehr-Division (Armored Training Division) was engaged in an all-day action to destroy the armor-infantry combat teams assigned to slow the German advance. The 506th followed shortly thereafter, its 1st Battalion was sent to Noville to reinforce Major Desobry's team from the 10th Armored CCB while the other two battalions were ordered to act as reserves north of Bastogne. The 502nd PIR marched north and northwest to establish a line from Champs east to Recogne, while the 327th GIR, newly arrived, protected the division service area southwest of Bastogne until German intentions could be deciphered.

Initial combat at Noville Edit

On 19–20 December, the 1st Battalion of the 506th PIR was ordered to support Team Desobry (Maj. William R. Desobry), a battalion-sized tank-infantry task force of the 10th Armored Division assigned to defend Noville [9] located north-northeast of both Foy and of Bastogne just 4.36 mi (7.02 km) away. With just four [9] M18 Hellcat tank destroyers of the 705th Tank Destroyer Battalion to assist, the paratroopers attacked units of the 2. Panzerdivision, whose mission was to proceed by secondary roads via Monaville (just northwest of Bastogne) to seize a key highway and capture, among other objectives, fuel dumps—for the lack of which the overall German counter-offensive faltered and failed. Worried about the threat to its left flank in Bastogne, it organized a major combined arms attack to seize Noville. Team Desobry's high speed highway journey to reach the blocking position is one of the few documented cases [9] in which the top speed of the M18 Hellcat (55 mph (89 km/h)) was actually used to get ahead of an enemy force as envisioned by its specifications. [9]

The attack of 1st Battalion and the M18 Hellcat tank destroyers of the 705th TD Battalion together destroyed at least 30 German tanks and inflicted 500–1,000 casualties on the attacking forces in what amounted to a spoiling attack. [ citation needed ] The 3rd Battalion was ordered forward from a reserve position north of Bastogne to ease the pressure on 1st Battalion by occupying a supporting position in Foy to the south.

The heavy losses inflicted by the tank-destroyers [9] deceived the German commander into believing the village was being held by a much stronger force [9] and he recoiled from further attacks on the village, committing a strategic error while seeking tactical advantage—significantly delaying the German advance and setting the stage for the siege of Bastogne just to the south. [9] This delay also gave the 101st Airborne Division enough time to organize defenses around Bastogne. After two days, the 2nd Panzer Division finally continued on its original mission to the Meuse River. As a consequence of its involvement at Bastogne, and its failure to dislodge the airborne forces, the column ultimately ran out of fuel at Celles, where it was destroyed by the U.S. 2nd Armored Division and the British 29th Armoured Brigade. [9]

By the time the 1st Battalion pulled out of Noville on the 20th, the village of Foy half-way to Bastogne center had been captured from the 3rd Battalion by a separate attack, forcing the 1st Battalion to then fight its way through Foy. By the time 1st Battalion made it to the safety of American lines, it had lost 13 officers and 199 enlisted men, out of about 600 troops, and was assigned as the division reserve. Team Desobry lost a quarter of its troops and was reduced to just four medium tanks when it passed through the lines of 3rd Battalion.

The 101st Airborne formed an all-round perimeter using the 502nd PIR on the northwest shoulder to block the 26th Volksgrenadier, the 506th PIR to block entry from Noville, the 501st PIR defending the eastern approach, and the 327th GIR scattered from Marvie in the southeast to Champs in the west along the southern perimeter, augmented by engineer and artillery units plugging gaps in the line. The division service area to the west of Bastogne had been raided the first night, causing the loss of almost its entire medical company, and numerous service troops were used as infantry to reinforce the thin lines. CCB of the 10th Armored Division, severely weakened by losses to its Team Desobry (Maj. William R. Desobry), Team Cherry (Lt. Col. Henry T. Cherry), and Team O'Hara (Lt. Col. James O'Hara) in delaying the Germans, formed a mobile "fire brigade" of 40 light and medium tanks (including survivors of CCR 9th Armored Division and eight replacement tanks found unassigned in Bastogne).

Three artillery battalions were commandeered and formed a temporary artillery group. Each had twelve 155 mm (6.1 in) howitzers, providing the division with heavy firepower in all directions restricted only by its limited ammunition supply. Col. Roberts, commanding CCB, also rounded up 600+ stragglers from the rout of VIII Corps and formed Team SNAFU as a further stopgap force.

Many of the artillery guns were used in a direct fire role against enemy armor, with over 2000 rounds used for this purpose on December 20. The division's antiaircraft batteries were also moved into the front lines to fire against enemy armor to augment their 57mm anti-tank guns [10] : 37–38

—Ralph M. Mitchell (1986), 101st Airborne Division's defense of Bastogne, p. 38 [10]

As a result of the powerful American defense to the north and east, XLVII Panzer Corps commander Gen. von Lüttwitz decided to encircle Bastogne and strike from the south and southwest, beginning the night of 20/21 December. German Panzer reconnaissance units had initial success, nearly overrunning the American artillery positions southwest of Bastogne before being stopped by a makeshift force. All seven highways leading to Bastogne were cut by German forces by noon on 21 December, and by nightfall the conglomeration of airborne and armored infantry forces were recognized by both sides as being surrounded.

The American soldiers were outnumbered approximately 5 to 1 and were lacking in cold-weather gear, ammunition, food, medical supplies, and senior leadership (as many senior officers, including the 101st's commander—Major General Maxwell Taylor—were elsewhere). Due to the worst winter weather in memory, the surrounded U.S. forces could not be resupplied by air nor was tactical air support available due to cloudy weather.

However, the two Panzer divisions of the XLVII Panzer Corps—after using their mobility to isolate Bastogne, continued their mission towards the Meuse on 22 December, rather than attacking Bastogne with a single large force. They left just one regiment behind to assist the 26th Volksgrenadier Division in capturing the crossroads. The XLVII Panzer Corps probed different points of the southern and western defensive perimeter in echelon, where Bastogne was defended by just a single airborne regiment and support units doubling as infantry. This played into the American advantage of interior lines the defenders were able to shift artillery fire and move their limited ad hoc armored forces to meet each successive assault.

It was on the 22nd of December that General von Lüttwitz submitted the following demand for surrender to his American counterpart commanding the American forces in Bastogne, Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe:

To the U.S.A. Commander of the encircled town of Bastogne.

The fortune of war is changing. This time the U.S.A. forces in and near Bastogne have been encircled by strong German armored units. More German armored units have crossed the river Our near Ortheuville, have taken Marche and reached St. Hubert by passing through Hompre-Sibret-Tillet. Libramont is in German hands.

There is only one possibility to save the encircled U.S.A. troops from total annihilation: that is the honorable surrender of the encircled town. In order to think it over a term of two hours will be granted beginning with the presentation of this note.

If this proposal should be rejected one German Artillery Corps and six heavy A. A. Battalions are ready to annihilate the U.S.A. troops in and near Bastogne. The order for firing will be given immediately after this two hours term.

All the serious civilian losses caused by this artillery fire would not correspond with the well-known American humanity.

The German Commander.

Shortly thereafter, McAuliffe sent the following communication to von Lüttwitz in response to the German demand: [11]

To the German Commander.


The American Commander

The commander of the 327th GIR interpreted it to the German truce party as "Go to hell!" [11]

Despite the defiant American response to the surrender demand, the 26th VG received one Panzergrenadier regiment from the 15th Panzergrenadier Division on Christmas Eve for its main assault the next day. That night, at about 7:00 PM, Luftwaffe bombers attacked Bastogne, killing 21 in an aid station. Because it lacked sufficient troops and those of the 26th VG Division were near exhaustion, the XLVII Panzer Corps concentrated its assault on several individual locations on the west side of the perimeter in sequence rather than launching one simultaneous attack on all sides. The assault—led by 18 tanks carrying a battalion of infantry—pierced the lines of the 327th's 3rd Battalion (officially, the 1st Battalion, 401st Glider Infantry), and advanced as far as the battalion command post at Hemroulle.

However, the 327th held its original positions and repulsed infantry assaults that followed, capturing 92 Germans. The panzers that had achieved the penetration divided into two columns, one trying to reach Champs from the rear, and were destroyed in detail by two companies of the 1st Battalion 502nd PIR under Lt. Col. Patrick F. Cassidy and four tank destroyers of the 705th Tank Destroyer Battalion.

Allied control of Bastogne was a major obstacle to the German armored advance, and the morale of Allied forces elsewhere on the Western Front was boosted by news of the stubborn defense of the besieged town.

333rd Field Artillery Battalion – The Black Battalion Edit

A rarity in the World War II era American Army, the 333rd Battalion was a combat unit composed entirely of African American soldiers, led by white officers. At the start of the Battle of the Bulge, the 333rd was attached to the 106th Infantry Division. Prior to the German offensive, the 106th division was tasked with holding a 26-mile (41.8 kilometers) long length of the front, despite the Army Field manual stating that a single infantry division could hold no more than 5 miles (8 kilometers) of front. As a result, in the initial days of the assault, two of the division's three overstretched regiments were brushed aside by the German Army, yielding 6000 prisoners. The 333rd was badly affected, losing nearly 50% of its soldiers including its commanding officer. Eleven of its soldiers were cut off from the rest of the unit and attempted to escape German capture, but were massacred on sight by the Waffen SS. The remnants of the battalion retreated to Bastogne where they linked up with the 101st. The vestiges of the 333rd were attached to its sister unit the 969th Battalion. The remains of the 333rd were given carbines and assigned to defend the town. Despite low supplies of food and ammunition, and being limited to only 10 artillery rounds per day, the 333rd fought tenaciously, successfully holding their sector of the front despite repeated German assaults. For their heroism, the 333rd was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation.

Breaking the encirclement Edit

—Ralph M. Mitchell (1986), 101st Airborne Division's defense of Bastogne, p. 44 [10]

Elements of General George Patton's Third Army succeeded in reaching Bastogne from the southwest, arriving from the direction of Assenois. The spearhead reached the lines of the 326th Engineers on 26 December, Cobra King being the first tank to make contact at approximately 16:50. [12] [13] The 101st's ground communications with the American supply dumps were restored on 27 December, and the wounded were evacuated to the rear. Gen. Taylor reached Bastogne with the 4th Armored Division and resumed command. [14] [ self-published source? ]

With the encirclement broken, the men of the 101st expected to be relieved, but were given orders to resume the offensive. The 506th attacked north and recaptured Recogne on 9 January 1945, the Bois des Corbeaux (Crows' Wood), to the right of Easy Company, on 10 January, and Foy on 13 January. The 327th attacked towards Bourcy, northeast of Bastogne, on 13 January and encountered stubborn resistance. The 101st Airborne Division along with the forces from the Third Army faced the elite of the German military which included elements from 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, Führerbegleitbrigade, 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, and the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. [15] The 506th retook Noville on 15 January and Rachamps the next day. The 502nd reinforced the 327th, and the two regiments captured Bourcy on 17 January, pushing the Germans back to their point of advance on the day the division had arrived in Bastogne. The next day the 101st Airborne Division was relieved. [16] [ self-published source? ]

The 101st Airborne Division's casualties from 19 December 1944 to 6 January 1945 were 341 killed, 1,691 wounded, and 516 missing. Several regiments within the 101st were nicknamed "The Battered Bastards of Bastogne", due to their part in holding the important crossroads town during the Battle of the Bulge.

The 10th Armored Division's CCB incurred approximately 500 casualties. [17]

Augusta Chiwy, a nurse who administered aid to the wounded during the siege, was honored with the Civilian Award for Humanitarian Service by the Ambassador to Belgium Howard Gutman in December 2011. [18]

For its defense of Bastogne, the headquarters of the 101st Airborne Division was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation (PUC), with a streamer, embroidered BASTOGNE, for the division's colors. Also, the division was awarded the Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm, Streamer embroidered BASTOGNE, and cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at Bastogne. [19]

The Casemate Blog

In The Tigers of Bastogne, authors Martin King and Michael Collins detail the travails of the young armored division, which found itself subject to the full brunt of Manteuffel’s Fifth Panzer Army in the Ardennes. At first overwhelmed, and then falling back to protect the vital crossroads, the 10th Armored was reinforced by the Screaming Eagles, and its men and tanks went on to contribute largely to America’s victory in its largest battle of the war.

King and Collins are currently on their East Coast Book Tour and you can catch them at the following events:

On June 4th from 12:00 -14:00, the Army Heritage Center Foundation will host Michael Collins and Martin King for a lecture and book signing at the Foundation’s Museum Store within the Visitor and Education Center at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle. From there, they will be hosted by the DC Roundtable, Hershey Historical Society Hummelstown, PA, at 19:00.

On June 5th King and Collins will be at the USAF Fort Dix at 14:30 for a lecture and tour.

To learn more about Martin King, make sure to visit his facebook page and to view the video they created for The Tigers of Bastogne, visit here.


  • Herausgeber &rlm : &lrm Casemate Publishers Reprint Edition (6. Juni 2017)
  • Sprache &rlm : &lrm Englisch
  • Taschenbuch &rlm : &lrm 272 Seiten
  • ISBN-10 &rlm : &lrm 1612004768
  • ISBN-13 &rlm : &lrm 978-1612004761
  • Abmessungen &rlm : &lrm 15.24 x 1.78 x 22.61 cm
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    ". a story which needed to be told. definitely a volume worth reading as we look to gain all of the information possible before the primary source of the Greatest Generation is gone."-- "The Journal of America's Military Past"

    "Collins and King uncover and reveal some surprising secrets relating to the battle of Bastogne. These accounts of bravery above and beyond the call of duty are the stuff of legend - you would think that there were no such stories left to tell, but you'd be wrong. Amazing."-- "Books Monthly"

    "The maps are very good to support the text and the photographs are full of atmosphere and convey how troops maintained their morale throughout the fighting. A great book to add another chapter to the famous battle."-- "GunMart"

    "This book vividly portrays the battle with a series of interviews, medal citations and after action reviews. These are well attributed in the end notes, together with some brief statistics and a list of staff roles. The style should appeal to the general reader as well as military readers and there are good maps and illustrations. Most of the books on their role are out of print so this book is a useful addition on the subject."-- "Army Rumour Service"

    "This is a superb detailed account of a less familiar aspect of a famous battle, often providing platoon by platoon and day-by-day details of the role played by the men of the US 10th Armored Division in the defensive of Bastogne, and thus in the wider Allied victory in the Battle of the Bulge"-- "History of War"

    Über den Autor und weitere Mitwirkende

    Michael Collins is an American historian who lives outside of Albany, New York. He co-authored the book Voices of the Bulge with his good friend and co-author Martin King and he is currently the historian for the 10th Armored Division Veterans Western Chapter. With help from the Western Chapter and Martin King, he fundraised and ran logistics for having a 10th Armored Division plaque dedicated next to a tank turret in Bastogne, Belgium in December, 2011 to commemorate the 10th Armored Division veterans who fought during the Battle of the Bulge. His primary interest is preserving the memory of World War II veterans through oral history and photographs.
    He has lectured on the importance of oral history and the Battle of the Bulge at numerous venues including colleges, military bases, and museums. He travelled on an extensive book tour of the north eastern United States with fellow co-author Martin King which included stops at West Point Military Academy, Fort Dix, Valley Forge Military College, and the U.S. Navy Museum.
    He has worked for various museums in the north eastern United States including the Destroyer Escort Historical Museum, the New York State Military Museum and Veteran's Research Center, Irish American Heritage Museum and Connecticut's Old State House. He currently works at Siena College in Loudonville, NY in the library's audio-visual department.

    Michael is interested in World War II history and 20th Century U.S. and European History. He received his Bachelor's degree in history from Siena College and his Master's degree in Public History from Central Connecticut State University.

    Martin King is a highly qualified British Military Historian/Lecturer who's had the honor of reintroducing many US, British and German veterans to the WWII battlefields where they fought. He lives in Belgium near Antwerp where he spends his time writing, lecturing and visiting European battlefields.

    He is a British citizen who has been resident in Belgium since 1981. Previous to that he attended Wakefield Technical and Arts College and followed a foundation course in Teacher Training. In 1981 he decided to continue his academic career firstly with a teacher training course at the famous Berlitz Language School, and secondly with a degree course in European History at the ULB University in Brussels, where he also began studying military history. In 2000 he was offered a position at Antwerp University.

    Around this time he began writing the first draft of 'Voices of the Bulge', a book based on a series of one to one interviews with veterans who participated in the Battle of the Bulge. Later he was joined by co-author Michael Collins who assisted in this project. His voluntary work with veterans and the tracing the individual histories of veterans has been a labor of love for almost 20 years. He speaks fluent German, Dutch, Italian and French. Frequently in demand as a public speaker he has lectured at many British and US military bases throughout the world. His activities came to the attention of some major military documentary makers in Hollywood. The History Channel hired Martin to be their Senior Historical Consultant on their series "Cities of the Underworld". In 2007 he began a three year assignment to work on the hit series 'Greatest Tank Battles', currently the most watched military documentary in the US. Shortly thereafter he accepted an invitation to work as a Presenter/Historical Consultant on the series 'Narrow Escapes' with Bafta Award winning documentary makers WMR.

    He was recently invited to the prestigious West Point Military Academy and Valley Forge Military College in the United States. Due to his extensive work on veteran research, at Valley Forge he was honoured by being asked to officially open the 'Eric Fisher Woods' Library. His documentary film based on the book 'Voices of the Bulge' is currently in production.

    Widely regarded as an authority on European Military History, General Graham Hollands referred to him as the "Greatest living expert on the Battle of the Bulge". Fellow writer and notable historian Professor Carlton Joyce said "He really is the best on the Ardennes. Stephen Ambrose author of 'Band of Brothers' referred to him as 'Our expert on the Battle of the Bulge'.

    The Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division in the Battle of the Bulge, Michael Collins and Martin King - History

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    Der Band enthält eine Vielzahl von Erinnerungsberichten von ehemaligen Angehörigen der amerikanischen 10. Panzerdivision, die gemeinsam mit den Fallschirmjägern der amerikanischen 101. Luftlandedivision "Screaming Eagles" die strategisch wichtige Stadt Bastogne während der Ardennenoffensive im Dezember 1944 gegen die deutschen Angreifer gehalten haben.

    Die Rolle der amerikanischen Panzersoldaten und ihrer "Shermans" während der dramatischen Kämpfe um Bastogne wurde bis dato zugunsten der Errungenschaften der amerikanischen Fallschirmtruppen zumeist übergangen.

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    The Tigers of Bastogne: Voices of the 10th Armored Division During the Battle of the Bulge by Michael Collins (Hardback, 2013)

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    ​ The Allies' Greatest Conflict on the Western Front

    "I have walked the battlefields with Martin King, who has traversed them countless times with veterans of the Bulge. No one knows this story like Martin, and no one can tell it quite the way he does."
    Rick Beyer, New York Times bestselling author of The Ghost Army of World War II

    The vortex of a tornado is a vacuum, and that is where we were, in the centre of a storm of armour and artillery pushing forward into the Ardennes.
    - John Hillard Dunn, 106th Division, US Army

    The Battle of the Bulge was the largest land engagement of World War II. The German counter-attack, spearheaded by three Panzer armies, found the Allies unprepared and ill-equipped. As the fighting raged across the frosty forests of the Ardennes, it was left to a few untested US Infantry divisions to hold the Allied lines. Written by one of the world's leading experts on the subject, this account provides an essential introduction to the events of winter 1944-5 and to the many soldiers who risked their lives in defence of freedom.

    Drawing on personal interviews, extensive research, and an unparalleled knowledge of the region, Martin King explores one of the most important battles of World War II.

    Searching for Augusta The Forgotten Angel of Bastogne
    THE LAST GREAT UNTOLD STORY OF WWII. In 1944/45 the Ardennes region of Belgium was experiencing the coldest winter in living memory. Between the rolling hills and pine forests there was a city being held under siege by determined Nazi forces. Bastogne was dying a slow protracted death. As the situation for those young Gi's and the citizens of Bastogne reached its nadir, black nurse Augusta Chiwy volunteered her services to US Army medic Dr. John 'Jack' Prior. By doing so she risked instant death but together they would form a dynamic team that saved countless lives in the most horrific, heartrending circumstances. 60 years later their story would inspire the author to embark on his own relentless quest to find out what became of this forgotten angel and her doctor. This is the book behind the multiple Emmy Award Winning documentary of the same name that will both break and warm your heart. In the television version of Band of Brothers, a passing reference is made to an African nurse assisting in an aid station, but no-one knew her real identity or the identities of the other procrastinators who endured such unimaginable hardship. This book will reveal the full story of three people, the nurse, the doctor and the historian who discovered this improbable, captivating love story.

    Publisher: Lyons Press (September 1, 2017)

    Warriors of the 106th
    The last Infantry Division

    The 106th were fresh, green and right in the pathway of the 5th German Army when the Battle of the Bulge began at 0530 hours on December 16, 1944. This book covers the history along with the individual stories of the incredible heroism, sacrifice and tenacity of these young Americans in the face of overwhelming odds. From this division 6,800 men were taken prisoner but their story didn&rsquot end there. For the ones who miraculously escaped, there was a battle to fight, and fight it they would with every ounce of strength and courage they could muster. They would fight debilitating weather conditions more reminiscent of Stalingrad than the Belgian Ardennes. They would fight a determined enemy and superior numbers and despite all adversity they would eventually prevail. One 106th GI waged his own personal war using guerilla tactics that caused serious consternation amongst the German troops. For another GI his main concern was recovering his clean underwear. These stories are heartwarming, heartbreaking, nerve-wracking and compelling. They aim to put the reader right there in the front lines, and in the stalags, during the final months of WWII.

    The Tigers of Bastogne:
    (Also available in paperback)
    Voices of the 10th Armored Division During the Battle of the Bulge

    The gallant stand of the 101st Airborne Division at Bastogne has long become part of historical and media legend. But how many students of the war realize there was already a U.S. unit holding the town when they arrived? And this unitthe 10th Armored Divisioncontinued to play a major role in its defense throughout the German onslaught. ALSO AVAILABLE IN PAPERBACK

    Voices of the Bulge: Untold Stories from Veterans of the Battle of the Bulge

    This was the first book and although I digress that it could have been better, it came with a free DVD of veteran interviews. The powerful German counteroffensive operation code-named "Wacht am Rhein" (Watch on the Rhine) launched in the early hours of December 16, 1944, would result in the greatest single extended land battle of World War II. To most Americans, the fierce series of battles fought from December 1944 through to January 1945 is better known as the "Battle of the Bulge". Almost one million soldiers would eventually take part in the fighting. Different from other histories of the Bulge, this books tells the story of this crucial campaign with first-person stories taken from the authors' interviews of the American soldiers, both officers and enlisted personnel, who faced the massive German onslaught that that threatened to turn the tide of the battle in Western Europe and successfully repelled the attack with their courage and blood. Also included are stories from German veterans of the battles, including SS soldiers, who were interviewed by the authors.

    The Fighting 30th Division:
    They Called Them "Roosevelt's SS"

    In World War I the 30th Infantry Division earned more Medals of Honor than any other American division. In World War II it spent more consecutive days in combat than almost any other outfit. Recruited mainly from the Carolinas and George and Tennessee, they were one of the hardest-fighting units the U.S. ever fielded in Europe. What was it about these men that made them so indomitable? They were tough and resilient for a start, but this division had something else. They possessed intrinsic zeal to engage the enemy that often left their adversaries in awe. Their U.S. Army nickname was the Old Hickory" Division. But after encountering them on the battleifled, the Germans themselves came to call them "Roosevelt's SS." This book is a combat chronicle of this illustrious division that takes the reader right to the heart of the fighting through the eyes of those who were actually there. It goes from the hedgerows of Normandy to the 30th's gallant stand against panzers at Mortain, to the brutal slugs around Aachen and the Westwall, and then to the Battle of the Bulge. Each chapter is meticulously researched and assembled with accurate timelines and after-action reports.The last remaining veterans of the 30th Division and attached units who saw the action firsthand relate their remarkable experiences here for the first, and probably the last time. This is precisely what military historians mean when they write about "fighting spirit." There have been only a few books written about the 30th Division and none contained direct interviews with the veterans. This work follows their story from Normandy to the final victory in Germany, packed with previously untold accounts from the survivors. These are the men whose incredible stories epitomize what it was to be a GI in one of the toughest divisions in WWII.

    To war with the 4th
    A Century of Frontline Combat with the U.S. 4th Infantry Division, from the Argonne to the Ardennes to Afghanistan

    ​ The 4th Infantry Division has always been there in America s modern wars. On 14 September 1918 the men of the Ivy Division stood up in their trenches and prepared to attack. It would be one of the first times that American troops would operate autonomously, aside from Anglo-Franco command. They would go over the top on uneven ground to be blown to pieces by German artillery and fall in their hundreds to the spitting of German machine guns, yet nevertheless win the day.

    In World War II on D-Day they scrambled ashore across the sands of Utah beach and remained fighting in Europe until Hitler was dead and Germany had surrendered. From the Normandy campaign to the hell of the Hürtgen Forest and the Battle of the Bulge, no other American division suffered more casualties in the European theater than the 4th, and no other division accomplished as much.

    In Vietnam they would execute precarious search and destroy missions in dense jungles against a determined and resourceful enemy. They experienced a series of major engagements that would entail 33 consecutive days of vicious, close-quarters combat in the battle of Dak To in 1967. For their actions in Indochina they would receive no less than 11 Medals of Honor.

    They fought in Iraq to topple Saddam Hussein, and in May 2009, at the height of Operation Enduring Freedom, the 4th Infantry Brigade Combat Team deployed to Afghanistan for a 12-month combat mission. They operated in the birthplace of the Taliban along the Arghandab River Valley, west of Kandahar City, a place often ominously referred to as "The Heart of Darkness." The 2nd Battalion 12th Infantry Regiment saw heavy combat throughout.

    Through firsthand interviews with veterans, across the decades, and the expert analysis of the authors, the role of one of America s mainstay divisions in its modern conflicts is in these pages illuminated.

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    Of America's World War I and their families.
    The battles and campaigns of World War One have been covered and meticulously studied from all angles by innumerable historians around the world. There would have been very little that we could have added to these. If we were going to broach the subject of America&rsquos involvement then it had to be from an entirely new and different perspective. Our previous volumes always gave precedence to the voices of those who experienced war firsthand, and were largely transcribed from direct interviews with surviving veterans. The purpose of this volume is to provide a similar platform for those previously unheard voices whose lives were affected and impacted by the United States involvement in World War One, also known as the &lsquoGreat War&rsquo.

    DAN SNOW BBC Presenter and eminent military historian wrote:

    Few things bring history to life like the words of those who lived through it. One hundred years, and more, since the events of the First World War, the painstaking work of Martin King and Michael Collins now offers us a glimpse into those experiences, documenting a nation witnessing one of the most formative periods of its history. Insightful, moving, and important, this book is a valuable tool for anyone wanting to better understand America's role in this most brutal of conflicts.

    Watch the video: The Tigers of Bastogne (December 2021).